Sovrin Logo

SOVRIN [Token Profile]

One Portable Digital Identity for the Global Netizen

In the competition to manage our future digital identities, the blockchain has emerged as a clear leader on the technology front. The Sovrin Foundation—a creator of portable digital identities for individuals, organizations and things—is positioning to be the global public utility of digital identities on the distributed digital ledger. The nonprofit organization has attracted some technology giants to help steward its digital identity network.

The weaknesses of the current centrally managed digital identity system have been well documented.

Of foremost concern are the selling, hacking and manipulation for marketing purposes of information without informed consent. The rapid growth in the number of individual digital identities is increasing susceptibility to these privacy invasions. The average number of online accounts per internet user is expected to double from 100 to 200 by 2020. On average, these netizens use 12 different passwords.

Full Stewardship Ahead

The self-sovereign identity is a lifetime portable identity designed to replace the average internet user’s multiple siloed identities dispersed in centrally controlled data repositories around the globe. Sovrin replaces the many central authorities that handle digital identities for their respective sites with a global public utility that assigns one sovereign digital identity to each individual. This cryptographically secure digital identity is created by adding an identity layer to the Internet. Unlike centrally managed identities, owners have full stewardship of their digital identities, including permissions.

A Portable Self-Sovereign Identity

The competition to be the digital identity platform of the internet is young. Only with the arrival of the blockchain and related protocols did a fully viable alternative identity verification platform appear. The Sovrin service has benefitted from the Verifiable Claims Working Group’s initiative to standardize identification in the banking, health, government, education and other areas.

The self-sovereign identity platform replaces centralized roots of trust such as certificates of authorities, which are time-consuming and costly to use, with a consensus algorithm that distributes information across many machines in a decentralized network. A cryptographic record of immutable transactions is then formed.

Sovrin has further benefited from W3Cs introduction of decentralized identifiers (DIDs), which allow the creation of cryptographically verified identifiers under the owner’s control. The DID and related information are stored on the blockchain with a public key accessible by the owner’s private key.

TOKEN UTILITY

The Sovrin token will be used as an exchange of value in the protection of privacy by credential issuers, owners, and verifers. The token can be used in the Sovrin global marketplace to digitize credentials, as well as for digital credential insurance and permissioned first party data (direct from the customer).

TOKEN SALE

Symbol:
Token Sale: June–August, 2018 (To be announced)

ROADMAP

The Sovrin Foundation is a hub of development activity for global digital identity services. Sovrin Foundation Stewards are developing and will ensure interoperability of the open source decentralized digital identity network. IBM, the leader in Blockchain enterprise solutions, became a founding steward in April 2018.

TEAM

Phillip J. Windley, Ph.D., Chair
Jason Law – Cofounder/CTO/Chairman
Timothy Ruff, Cofounder/CEO
Steve Havas, Chief Operating Officer
James Monaghan, VP, Product

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Github / Twitter / Telegram

Solana [Profile] – Token Information

High Performance Ledger Scales With the Passage of Time

The quest for a scalable blockchain protocol that does not degrade performance in other areas of a blockchain network continues. Many developers have met the call for a higher speed and capacity consensus algorithm to verify digital transactions on the blockchain, but few solutions are flawless.

While all agree that the proof of work (PoW) protocol is abysmally slow and consumes a lot of electricity, not all agree that the preferred replacement, proof of stake (PoS), is the best solution.
A new entrant, Solana, believes the complete solution to blockchain scalability requires three verification protocols.

The Proof of History Protocol

Solana has introduced the proof of history (PoH) protocol to verify transactions by cryptographically encoding the chronological sequence of hashes—the unique digital identifier of a transaction. The proof of stake consensus mechanism is then used to confirm the PoH sequence and vote on the next PoH generator node. Like under normal PoS conditions, those who validate nodes which do not form the consensus are punished. The PoH, together with a proof of replication (PoRep) protocol—which provides fast streaming verifications of time in the proof of history sequence—prevent double spending, spam and fraud.

THE solana transaction flow

How does Solana plan to outpace Google, Facebook and NASDAQ on transaction capacity?

Solana has borrowed technology from ancient mariners to build its high throughput blockchain. The analogy of a water clock is aptly used to explain the proof of history (PoH) protocol. In the same way the ancient Greeks recorded the passage of time by marking the rising water level on a ship, the sequential output of a hashed Blockchain state and count can be cryptographically recorded to reliably signify the order in which the hashes were generated.

the solana architecture 

The solution avoids the popular sharding approach—partitioning a database into smaller chunks and processing them in parallel. The Solana approach allows the data structure to be sliced and verified via parallel processing that is limited only by the capacity of the computer. Nodes can be added without slowing down the transaction processing speed or sacrificing security, whereas sharding requires increasing the number of validators at each node, and thus introducing security risk. To avoid the PoS challenge of verifiers approving every hash, an invalid hash is randomly injected and voters for that hash eliminated.

Meanwhile, bandwidth is minimized by a “ledger replication architecture,” allowing the Solana blockchain to scale to tens of thousands of nodes while maintaining its subsecond finality times.

The Performance Difference?

The Nasdaq network processes about 5,000 transactions a second. The Solana blockchain is initially scaling to 710,000 tps and 10,000 nodes. With these network efficiencies, transaction costs will fall to $0.000001. As more applications use the Solana blockchain, Solana expects to expand to 28.4m TPS on a 40 gigabit network and is confident it can meet this future capacity demand.

The Solana team is not likely to buckle under the competition to become the highest performing blockchain. Solana’s executive management and four of its principal engineers were in key positions in the evolution to higher speed mobile networks at Qualcomm, as well as other mobile and technology companies.

Token Utility

The Solana exchange will facilitate the trading of different cryptocurrencies across different blockchains called atomic cross chain transactions, as well as tradable swaps. Solana will be attractive to applications with large data processing needs, such as marketing data collection, decentralized exchanges and payments.. The platform recently partnered with Helium, developer of the Helium Decentralised Machine Network, a blockchain that makes it easy to create IoT ecosystems of networked devices.

Token Sale

Symbol: Solana (ERC-20)
Pre-sale: Q1 2019
Token Sale: Q1 2019
Token Rate: To be announced
Available Tokens for Sale: To be announced
Token Supply: To be announced
Hard Cap: To be announced

Roadmap

The Solana blockchain is currently in the testing phase and will go live at the end of 2018. In May, the Solana Blockchain testnet zipped through 250,000 transactions and 870,000 signature verifications per second. The token sale will start in Q1 2019.

TEAM

Anatoly Yakovenko – CEO and Founder
Greg Fitzgerald – CTO
Raj Gokal – COO
Eric Williams, PhD – Data Science/Token Economics
Stephen Akridge – Engineering

ADVISORS

None listed

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / Github / Twitter / Telegram

Liquidity Network (LQD) [Profile] – Token Information

Swift Payments Sidechain Avoids Congestion and High Fees

Scalability and high transaction fees remain two of the major obstacles to mass adoption of the blockchain. One of the proposed solutions is processing transactions off chain. One off-chain solution, the Liquidity Network, has merited the endorsement of Ethereum network developer Vitalik Buterin. The Liquidity Network is an off-chain payment system designed to transfer micropayments in Ethereum. Payments are rebalanced off-chain to avoid costly on-chain refunding of transaction channels. The “trustless PayPal” eliminates blockchain congestion and miner front running while delivering speedier payment transactions.

HOW DOES REVIVE Scale the Blockchain?

The brain of the Liquidity Network is the work of two computer engineering students at ETH Zurich focused on removing frictions in Blockchain networks. Arthur Gervais and Rami Khalil combined their expertise to develop REVIVE, a transaction processing algorithm with high throughput that solves network congestion. A major function of the Blockchain is support for direct peer-to-peer transaction channels, which significantly reduces costs by eliminating central transaction intermediaries. However, channels must be closed and refunded to clear them for new transactions, a costly on-chain transaction.

Revive Gas Costs

REVIVE allows users to maintain multiple channels with different entities by providing a mechanism to balance the funding of channels. The side chain balancing eliminates the need to go on-chain to clear channels, and thus improves the scalability of the network. Transaction scalability is increased by eliminating costly and time consuming on-chain channel management while users are incentivized to use the lowest cost channels. The off-chain transactions can be performed at trading speeds comparable to that of centralized exchanges.

Fast Blockchain Payments for Everyone

The Liquidity Hub allows any user of any payment hub to make fast peer-to-peer payments. The off-chain Liquidity Exchange does not require tokens as collateral or hold assets. This way the non-custodial system is able to avoid congestion and high fees. Liquidity envisions its ecosystem being used for digital payments, diverse Blockchain applications ranging from gaming to rental services, and in IoT networks. Liquidity plans to operate an open source ecosystem for fast, secure payment processing in which others can operate Liquidity Network Hubs.

Token Utility

The LQD token is not a network access coin but rather used to buy premium services such as faster transaction processing and channel monitoring. Otherwise, regular users do not pay a fee and the ecosystem is free to join.

Token Sale

Symbol: LQD (ERC-20)
Pre-sale: February 14–March 8, 2018 (8 million USD raised)
Token Sale: June 14–July 17, 2018
Token Rate: 1 LQD = 0.611097656
Available Tokens for Sale: 50 million (50%)
Token Supply: 100 million
Hard Cap: 31 million USD

Roadmap

Early bird access opened in January for the Liquidity.Network hub MVP. Web and mobile wallets are now available. The Liquidity Network is expected to be fully functional and atomically swapping ERC-20 tokens in the third quarter of 2018. Merchants will be onboarded in 2019 and the Liquidity Network expanded to other blockchains beyond ethereum, such as Bitcoin, Dfinity and NEO.

TEAM

Arthur Gervais, PhD – CEO/Co-founder
Rami Khalil – Co-founder
George Sedky – Developer
Guillaume Felley – Developer
Thibault Meunier – Developer

ADVISORS

None listed

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / Github / Twitter / Telegram

Harmony [Profile] – Token Information

The 5G Blockchain Revving up to Host Next Generation IoT, Augmented Reality and Robotics

Harmony aims to provide the fastest on ramp to the blockchain world. The competition to be the fastest blockchain is stiff, and the ranking changes monthly, but so far Harmony’s team of accomplished technologists is out in front.

The ambition of the executive and advisory team, incidentally steeped in former Googlers, is to produce a Google-scale blockchain by accelerating the speed of the decentralized marketplace by 1,000 times.
Google’s UDP, which handles the equivalent of 7 percent of Internet traffic with low latency, will help accelerate the souped up blockchain. The Harmony blockchain aims to process 10 million transactions per second with 100-millisecond latency. The transaction fee will be 0.1% or lower.

An On Ramp to 5G Speeds

The Blockchain will serve as the nexus of the Internet of Things, be it connected supply chains, homes or cars. The challenge is, services are being designed for this interconnected world on a 5G network while the current blockchain operates on a 3G/4G network. The race is on to build the fastest Blockchain but, so far, few Blockchains have passed the 5G threshold. Harmony cites Dfinity, Algorand, and Zilliqa as competitors, although their reported specs fall short of those of Harmony.

The OmniLedger Sharding Difference 

A 10x faster network than Bitcoin or Ethereum will be required for the blockchain to host next generation supply chains, energy grids, financial trading and autonomous robots, estimates Harmony. To deliver these performance improvements, Harmony is performing a complete overhaul of the blockchain. Upgrades on the transport network include replacing TCP/IP with the Google UDP and deploying 5G mobile communication protocols. On the consensus protocol, high scalability is achieved using the sharding technology of the OmniLedger. The system is scalable to 100,000 nodes. In systems tooling, various innovations are being applied to provide parallel transaction processing, memory optimization, and faster program execution.

More Technical Substance, Less Hype

Harmony appears to barely have a footprint in the real world—its website and social media are sparse but considering the technical bench strength behind the project, it is not likely to be dismissed as more ICO hype. On the contrary, its detailed technical white paper reveals its grand design involves extensively reengineering the blockchain with next generation solutions, partially outlined above.

CEO Stephen Tse, holder of a PhD in cryptographic protocol, has lent his engineering expertise to Microsoft, Google and Apple, to which he sold mobile search company Spotsetter. CFO Alok Kothari is an award-winning machine learning expert who taught Apple’s Siri natural language processing. Tse and his team members have developed expertise in protocols and compilers, AI, deep learning, machine learning, and the blockchain at technology stalwarts including Microsoft, Google, IBM and Apple.

Advisory board members have headed major Google research initiatives, and include a former Google global creative director, head of mobile engineering, and marketing and strategy lead for Google Play. The team also represents an impressive breadth of technology startup experience.

Token Utility

The Harmony token will be the currency of a marketplace for the service and payments of IoT devices. Harmony also envisions its blockchain supporting incentivized games, augmented reality, autonomous cars, and swarm robots applications.

Token Sale

Symbol: Harmony
Pre-sale: Q3/Q4 2018
Token Sale: Q3/Q4 2018
Token Rate: Not announced
Available Tokens for Sale: 4.2 billion (20%)
Token Supply: 21 billion

Roadmap

Harmony has been successfully tested at a speed of 10 million transactions per second across 10,000 nodes. Coinciding with the token sale in the latter half of 2018, public mining of the Harmony token will be open. The Harmony blockchain will then be deployed in 10,000 devices for use in IoT, robotics and supply chain applications. In 2019, the network will speed up to 100,000 tps across 100k nodes to accommodate financial institution transactions.

TEAM

Stephen Tse — CEO
Nicolas Burtey  – COO
Alok Kothari  – CFO
Rongjian Lan
Hakwan Lau

ADVISORS

Zi Wang – Cofounder/CEO, Quantum Bakery
Isaac Zhang
Aaron Li – Founder/CEO, Qokka
Navneet Singh – EIR, Social Capital LP/Head of Data Science and Engineering, Ezetap Mobile Solutions
Michael Young – CEO, Smart Focus
Kushagra Shrivastava – Senior Director, Small Business, Oath

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper /

AIRBLOC BLOCKCHAIN (ABL) – TOKEN INFORMATION

Blockchain Allows Users to Control and Monetize Their Data App-by-App

Two thirds of Americans believe that Facebook sells their data, according to market research firm Qriously. Although their impressions are, in fact, incorrect, the survey reveals the high level of consumer concern over inappropriate data usage by marketers. Third party data brokers are responsible for the sale of most consumer data, and in the age of big data, their data collection methods are not only becoming more powerful but also more surreptitious. Mobile apps, screen savers and antivirus programs are helping big data collectors aggregate personal information without the owner’s permission.

A new blockchain company is responding to the collective angst over data usurpers and giving control of personal data back to consumers. South Korea-based AIRBLOC is acting as the nexus between advertisers seeking data for targeted marketing campaigns and individuals willing to sell their data. Individuals can now control and monetize their data rather than a large centralized data aggregator profiting from it, while advertisers are able to more precisely target the data they collect to their target markets and thus improve their ROIs.

Democratizing Data

AIRBLOC’s ubiquitous DAuth protocol is already disrupting the advertising data aggregation model in South Korea. Marketing data is big business for brokers. Some companies spend as much as 60 percent of their budgets on data acquisition for use in marketing and business intelligence. However, the majority of data aggregation is permission-less, meaning it is gathered and used without the consent of the owner. Data brokers, then, not the data owners get paid for selling the data to the marketing industry.

THE AIRBLOC SDK gives data control back to individuals by attaching its data matching engine to mobile data apps. Applications with an existing user base can allow those users to access the AIRBLOC network. The app user then decides whether or not to share data and what data to share on an app-by-app basis. Importantly, they can track the use of the data. Users have other options to earn rewards. An app user, for example, could approve receiving targeted advertisements from AIRBLOC advertisers but refuse permission to use her personal data.

Security is another pain point following the 2017 data hacks of Experian and Alteryx, which exposed the personal data of over a quarter billion consumers. AIRBLOC brings new levels of security and privacy to personal data management by encrypting and storing data on the secure blockchain.

Data Priced for Every Marketing Budget

The AIRBLOC decentralized personal data protocol has strong marketing currents behind it. The company is owned by Korean data analytics giant ab180, whose clients include over 300 large Korean companies. Over 40 million mobile devices, or two thirds of Korean mobile devices are already part of the AIRBLOC system.

But not only big data marketers benefit. Advertisers can more precisely target data acquisition, which is priced according to supply and demand, in micro-targeted advertising campaigns. The lower costs of aggregating distributed data on the blockchain makes it feasible for small applications and even individuals to sell their data. Small- and medium-sized advertisers previously lacking data access due to the high cost benefit from the ability to buy data at an affordable price.

A running shoe company, for example, could collect direct data from an e-commerce app by asking consumers searching for running shoes about their buying intentions. The shoe marketer could also collect indirect data from users who have given data access permission on running shoe purchases, and apply further filters such as on sex, region, shoe color, and so on.

Token Utility

In exchange for selling data to advertisers, data owners can be paid in two ways. They can receive the AIRBLOC ECR-20 compliant token, ABL, or an AIRBLOC Reward (AIR), convertible 1-to-1 into ABL. AIR is also used to rate the good citizenship of users. Contribution level is rated by the number of AIR tokens held. Total AIR, total data contributed and time influence the Participation rating. Good citizens can rate the data reliability mining—the quality of data provided—of others and earn more AIR rewards.

Token Sale

Symbol: ABL (ERC-20)
Pre-sale: June 16 (2.3 million SOLD)
Token Sale: June 19, 2018
Token Rate: 1 ABL = 0.0521 USD
Available Tokens for Sale: 55.4%
Token Supply: 400 million
HARD CAP: $10.4 million (20,000 ETH) SOLD: $10,427,400

Roadmap

Following the successful ICO funding, AIRBLOC is focused on developing its ecosystem. Ab180 is using 10 percent of the tokens to entice data providers and data users to contribute data based on in demand data from campaigns. The AIRBLOC SDK is already being tested on the majority of South Korean mobile apps. The full release of the AIRBLOC SDK and AIRBLOC data marketplace will take place in the second quarter of 2019.

TEAM

Roi Nam – CEO & Co-founder

Wonkyung Lyu – Dev Team Lead & Co-founder

Hunjae Jung – Back-end Part Lead & Co-founder

Naeun Kim – Design Team Lead PM & Co-founder

ADVISORS

JH Kim – ICON Foundation Council & CEO, theloop, Inc.

Jason Han – CEO, Kakao Blockchain Subsidiary

Richard Yun – COO, Coinplug & Co-founder, Metadium

Sean Lee – Director, Corporate VC, GS Shop

Sungjae Hwang – CEO, FoundationX

Louis Jinhwa Kim – Co-founder/Board of Director, The Blockchain Association

Dorjee Sun – COO, Santiment

Ken J. Kim – Executive Director, SRVC

Seo Wooseok – Adjunct Professor, Kyunghee University

Timothy Yang – CSO, 42 Media Corp.

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / Github / Twitter / Telegram

Emotiq Logo

Emotiq [Profile] – Token Information

Natural Language Smart Contracts Writable By Any Human

Emotiq wants to make developing a smart contract to support a commercial transaction or dApp as easy as driving a car. Like the car engineer who makes the user interface easy to use and intuitive, Emotiq aims to make blockchain apps development accessible and accelerate adoption. A crucial difference is Emotiq lets anyone be the engineer. As part of its shared toolbox, the blockchain is rolling out a natural programming language and smart contract components called Oracles that assemble like Legos.

But first, Emotiq needed to remedy issues in the blockchain the smart contracts will run on — namely, a lack of privacy and scalability, which typically suffer as transaction processing performance improves.

Scaling the Blockchain With a Secure Ledger

Scalability versus speed is the most obstinate trade off to achieve. In its mission to improve the transaction processing capacity of the blockchain, Emotiq is the first blockchain to deploy the OmniLedger, a permission-less secure ledger. The sharding application uses horizontal scaling to partition the digital ledger into faster and smaller data shards, while avoiding the high hardware and energy requirements of vertical scaling.

OmniLedger processes thousands of transactions per second, a rate on par with major credit card processing speeds, making Emotiq a commercial ready blockchain. Currently, Ethereum and Bitcoin processing speeds are 13 and 7 seconds, respectively.

Simplifying Smart Contracts

The improvement in scalability means dApps can process data faster and at higher volumes. The development of dApps, however, is not happening at a fast enough pace to revolutionize the blockchain, says Emotiq. Currently, specialized programming skills are required to write smart contracts.

Emotiq figured that making smart contracts easier to create would accelerate the development of dApps. The blockchain designed its own smart contract programming language, called Ring, based on natural language. Smart contractor developers do not need to know coding language to design a smart contract. Natural programming language uses sentences as code while syntactically and semantically imitatong the way humans think.

Smart contracts can be tested in the Ring VM Sandbox, after being converted to Lisp. Programmers have the option of writing the contract directly in Lisp. These contracts are compatible with those written with Ethereum Solidity. Emotiq also provides easy-to-create applications.

Privacy & Zero Knowledge Proofs

Notably, these improvements in transaction processing performance have not been made at the expense of privacy or security. Emotiq transactions require zero knowledge proofs thereby avoiding the public ledger and maintaining privacy. The cryptographic protocol guarantees important transaction information without revealing the identity of the sender. Furthermore, like with Monero and ZeroCash, transaction amounts are hidden.

The blockchain is using the Proof of Stake mining protocol to benefit from the higher throughout and lower energy costs.

Token Utility

EMTQ tokens are used for payment transactions and paying for resources used on the Emotiq platform.

Child tokens can be used for ICOs or token generating events. Through Emotiq’s decentralized exchange, DEX, EMTQ can be traded with BTC and ETH using cross-chain atomic swaps.

Token Sale

Symbol: EMTQ (ERC-20)
Token Sale: June 15, 2018
Token Rate: 1 EMTQ = 0.13 USD
Available Tokens for Sale: 51%
Token Supply: 1 billion
Hard cap: $39 million

ROADMAP

The Mainnet is expected to be launched by the end of the year, following the testing of the blockchain protocol launched at the beginning of the year. Funds from the token generation event will be used to expand the ecosystem, which includes providing venture funding for projects developed for the Emotiq blockchain. In addition to expanding its research team, Emotiq will continue to invest in smart contract languages to accelerate adoption in the mass and enterprise market.

TEAM

Joel Reymont, CEO
Vladimir Lebedev, VP of Engineering
Emma Cooper, COO
David McClain, PhD, Chief Rocket Scientist

ADVISORS

None listed.

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / Github / Twitter / Telegram / Medium (Blog) / Reddit

TIM Coin Logo

TIM Blockchain [Profile] – Token Information

GPS Powered Blockchain Delivers High Bandwidth Transaction Speeds

The TIM (The Internet of Money) blockchain has been engineered for the interconnected enterprise.  The high bandwidth network can connect huge swarms of IoT devices while, as the “fastest blockchain,” processing information at rapid speeds. These features make TIM well suited for robust enterprise-scale applications including logistics, transportation, e-commerce, finance and, in particular, cross-industry commerce.  As enterprise services expand across geographies and increase transaction volumes, however, they typically confront well-known blockchain capacity limitations.

The TIM hybrid architecture was built to scale. Sharding—the partitioning of a database to distribute the load and improve processing efficiencies—is the favored solution bantered about in the blockchain developer community to fix the Ethereum network’s scalability challenge. For the over 1,500 projects that have launched on the second generation smart contract-based blockchain, solving scalability issues is critical to delivering enterprise services. While the devs debate the merits of a sharding proof-of-concept recently released by Ethereum’s Vitalik Buterin, IOTA is prototyping its alternative sharding technology called direct acrylic graph (DAG) in Volkswagen autonomous cars.  Besting them both, TIM’s hybrid solution employs both the blockchain and an Elastic DAG architecture to deliver a sharding solution with the potential to process 100,000 transactions per second.

 

How DOES THE DAG Architecture Deliver Super Fast Speeds?

The process of building consensus for an action on a smart contract requires distribution to all smart contact nodes, where the contract code and related data are stored. This time-consuming process could be significantly reduced if instead a smaller but secure number of nodes execute the parallel transaction processing. TIM achieves this by processing transactions within triangular regions called a direct acrylic graph (DAG) to reduce the distance between transactions, and thereby improve transaction speed. As the area of the triangle reduces the demand increases, providing the capacity to increase transactions from 100 to 100 million transactions per second. A network can have up to 10,000 DAGs transacting at 10,000 TPS. Furthermore, TIM blockchain only requires a node run one shard, whereas blockchains such as Ethereum, plasma and EOS require many shards per node.

What is the Role of Geomining?

This sharding efficiency is made possible by TIM’s proprietary geomining architecture. A network fork based on a multinode P2P algorithm optimizes the size of the network. The hybrid system dynamically shards and establishes a global consensus whereby one blockchain layer manages the forked zones while a sublayer partitions the blockchain into parts (max. of 10,000). Consensus is established every five seconds when the subzones merge. Conflicts are reduced and resources lowered by using hyperlocal dApps in regions. The process, requiring minimal mining power, delivers a very low cost per device on the network.

THE TIM BLOCKCHAIN ARCHITECTURE

HOW IS CROSS COMMERCE FACILITATED?

The hybrid blockchain has high potential to eliminate the high costs associated with the frictions and systems integration bottlenecks of legacy enterprise systems. Cross commerce trade is easier to facilitate and subchains are free, further eliminating friction. TIM expects applications to develop in finance, banking, logistics, and e-commerce. Across functions, ERP, CRM and EDI systems can interoperate. These cross commerce transactions can take place in an encrypted, secure, and anonymous system.

Token Utility

The TIM token is used in P2P transaction and payment services, and to activate any related enterprise services actions. A challenger node mechanism protects against double spending while a proof of belongingness mechanism protects against hackers flooding a node with a high amount of transactions.

Token Sale

Symbol: TIM (ERC-20)
Pre-sale: June 12-24, 2018
Token Sale: June 24, 2018
Token Rate: 1 TIM = 0.15 USD
Available Tokens for Sale: 42%
Token Supply: 1.1 billion
Hard cap: $19 million

Roadmap

The TIM IOT concept has been under development for two years. In February 2017, a logistics platform successfully implemented the blockchain to manage IOT devices. A simulated network was setup in January 2018. A limited test of the sharding testnet is scheduled for July followed by the public test in September. In 2019, the robust blockchain will move into new industry applications with the launch of a bankchip utility and  blockchain taxi utility.

TEAM

Prabhat Kumar, Founder/Developer/CEO
Vipin Verma, Co-founder
Sanjay Kumar – Legal Advisor
Prashant Singh – Business Relationships & Product Partnerships, Blockchain Taxi
Debajyoti Biswas – Software Engineer & Community Engagement

ADVISORS

Lucas Cervigni, Crypto Venture Capital
Warren Whitlock, Content director at CoinAgenda
Sreenivas Herugu, FinTech Consultant
Ravi Sarkar, Head of Blockchain & FinTech at Hexaware Technologies

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Telegram / Facebook / Github / Twitter  / Youtube / Medium (Blog) / LinkedIn / Reddit  / LinkedIn

Aergo Logo

Aergo [Profile] – Token Information

A PUBLIC ENTERPRISE BLOCKCHAIN ACCELERATING AUTONOMOUS BUSINESS 

While there is much talk about when the enterprise blockchain will be commercial ready, in South Korea, led by private blockchain enterprise solution provider Blocko, blockchain applications are becoming deeply entrenched in enterprise systems.

Now seeking to leverage its proprietary technology in the open source blockchain community, Blocko has launched the public enterprise blockchain Aergo to serve as a nexus to open source blockchain ecosystems. Both the public and private blockchain solutions use Blocko’s enterprise blockchain platform Coinstack—software to develop dApps on private chains. Blocko’s Coinstack hosts over 9,000 enterprise applications, including those for the Korea Exchange, Credit Suisse, JB Bank, Hyundai Motors, and Lotte Card.

Aergo is reengineering the enterprise system with a public blockchain protocol, together with the middleware to link corporate private chains and public chains. The Aergo blockchain ecosystem comprises the AERGO Chain—seeking to be the internet of the public blockchain, it can process more than one million transactions per second; the AERGO Hub, the public interface with the AERGO Chain; and the AERGO Marketplace for apps.

HOW DOES THE FOURTH GENERATION ADVANCE ON OTHER BLOCKCHAIN ARCHITECTURES? 

Aergo’s introduction of a fourth generation enterprise blockchain may seem remarkable outside of South Korea. Aergo is seeking to solve the enterprise blockchain challenges of scalability, distributed governance and privacy while maintaining security and immutability with its enterprise class technology.


The blockchain was designed to be flexible to tailor features to the individual needs of enterprises, while ensuring interoperability to avoid the systems integration challenges of legacy enterprise systems. Aergo uses an ‘SQL-like’ scripting language to provide data storage and access in a language compatible with the incumbent mainstream enterprise software. While Coinstack uses Java, Lua and other programming languages compatible with the Internet of Things.

A number of advanced features support an open source development and collaborative user environment. For example, distributed version control—cloning the entire codebase on each developer’s computer–allows for more control in the sharing of code and more rapid revisions in an open source ecosystem. While concurrency control supports the simultaneous execution of transactions in a multi-user database management system.

Token Utility

The token to be used to activate actions in the Aergo ecosystem and its initial coin offering have not yet been announced.

Token Sale

The token sale date has not yet been announced. Sign up for updates on the Aergo website.

Symbol:
Presale: No set token date
Token Sale: No set token date
Available Tokens for Sale: 30%
Token Supply: 500 million

Roadmap

Aergo has promising enterprise market penetration potential on the tailwinds of its parent Blocko, currently the enterprise blockchain giant in South Korea. Blocko’s most recent fundraising round will be used to expand its presence in Korea, Europe and East Asian markets. The Blockchain enterprise solution provider has just closed its fourth funding round for a total of $14 million raised. SparkLabs Ventures, POSCO, and Premier Partners join Samsung Venture Investment, Daesung Private Equity, and Wonik Investment Partners as Blocko investors.

TEAM

Aergo’s organizational structure is made up of a Foundational Council, Committee Heads, a Tech Team, and a Business Team, under the aegis of Blocko.

Blocko Executive Team

Allan J. Kim – Founder
Won Beom-Kim – CEO/Founder

ADVISORS

Aergo Foundational Council

Phil Zamani – COO, Blocko
Hun Young Park – Director, R&D, Blocko
Roderik van der Graaf – Managing Partner, Lemniscap

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / LinkedIn / Github /

Metronome Logo

Metronome (MET)[Profile] – Token Information

The Cross-Chain Cryptocurrency Building a Meritocracy

Has cryptocurrency’s promise of collaborative value creation deteriorated into competitive cannibalization? “Personal attacks, fear-spreading, smears and conspiracy theories” is how pioneering Bitcoin core developer and Metronome founder Jeff Garzik recently characterized the infighting in the Bitcoin community over the cryptocurrency’s future architecture.

As more new cryptocurrencies are introduced and become the currency of their respective blockchain platforms, tribalism has indeed set in. At this early development stage, each blockchain operates more like a fiefdom with a closed token economy rather than nodes in a sharing economy network. Getting back to the basics of cryptoeconomics, Metronome’s cross-platform cryptocurrency is positioning itself as a universal currency of the cyrpto economy. The ERC-20 compliant coin is the first that can be used across different blockchains.

Seamless Chain Switching

Garzik (CEO) together with Metronome co-founder Matthew Roszak (chairman), both partners in Bloq—a consultancy to enterprises implementing blockchain solutions — conceived of the need for a currency that could seamlessly change tracks like a train. Thus, Metronome was designed to be used across all blockchain platforms.

Like a train car, users can switch to the blockchain or sidechain that best suits their interests such as for speed, preferred apps and so on. Sidechains — blockchain protocol extensions optimized for special app requirements such as high speed, high transaction volume, computational requirements, privacy or tradable game tokens — further bifurcate blockchain services without interoperability mechanisms such as the Metronome coin.

Mayhem for Market Manipulators

Metronome has implemented several mechanisms to create a stabler currency less susceptible to fluctuations from central banker decisions, big money moves, and the heightened commercial and competitive risks of token economies. The cross-chain currency seeks to avoid the fate of Bitcoin (BTC) whose price, like that of fiat currencies, is highly influenced by large speculative investors. These whales control one-third, or $37.5 billion, of the bitcoin market, according to Chainanalysis. Metronome, in contrast, has insulated its coin from manipulation by human intervention by creating fully autonomous smart contracts.

Metronome Coin Issuance

Source: AmericanBanker

Keeping speculators further at bay, unlike many major cryptocurrencies that centrally manage the control and supply of coin — the supply of Bitcoin and Litecoin (LTC), for instance, will eventually go to zero — Metronome’s daily distribution is predetermined and capped at 2.000 percent annually, thereby providing a controlled and predictable token supply. Crucially, Metronome is not subject to a hard cap such as Bitcoin, Litecoin or ZCash (ZEC).

Steady Supply – MET vs. Popular Cryptocurrency Mintage

Metronome Mintage

The coins will be distributed through a daily descending price auction indefinitely to produce a stable supply. Metronome will gradually reduce the inflation rate, but unlike Bitcoin, which will ultimately remove the effect of inflation altogether, Metronome’s inflation rate will instead adjust to 2 percent ad infinitum. The descending auction provides a fairer and more equal distribution of tokens, preventing whales from controlling the supply, and thus prices.

Token Utility

The Metronome token (MET) serves as both a store of value and cash. The token can be used for transactions and payments with an expected transaction speed of 15—30 seconds. A subscriptions service supports recurring payments among users.

Token Sale


In support of its commitment to creating a true meritocracy, Metronome has eschewed the practice of giving preferential token access to institutional investors through a pre-sale. Jumping straight to the main sale, the token sale starts June 18th and will last until all tokens are sold, or after seven days. Ten million MET tokens will be issued, of which 80 percent are available to the public. The remaining two million coins will provide liquidity to the marketplace. The sale is a descending price auction starting at 2 ETH and descending to 0.0000033 ETH.

Sign-up for MET token sale updates on the Metronome website.

Symbol: MET (ERC-20)
Token Sale: June 18, 2018 (up to seven days)
Descending Auction Starting Price: 1 MET= 2 ETH, Ending Price: 1 MET = 0.0000033 ETH
Available Tokens for Sale: 80%
Token Supply: 10,000,000

Roadmap

Metronome will launch its first cross-chain on the Ethereum Classic platform (ETC) in the third quarter of 2018.

TEAM

Jeff Garzik, CEO & Founder/Chief Designer
Matthew Roszak, Chairman & Co-founder
Peter Vessenes, Chief Cryptographer
Ryan Condron, Chief Engineer

ADVISORS

Gustav Simonsson, Orchid Labs Co-founder
Jim Newsome, Delta Strategy/Former CFTC Chairman
Dan Tapscott, Blockchain Research Institute
Vinny Lingham, Civic
Don Wilson, DRW
William Mougayar, Token Summit

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / Github / Twitter / Reddit / Medium (Blog)

Cryptocurve Logo

CryptoCurve (CURV) [Profile] – Token Information

Digital wallets are competing fiercely on new features to be more than a place to store crypto and fiat money. Any new features, however, are by design limited to the capacity and functionality of the blockchain. For most wallets, the blockchain of choice is the Ethereum network.

CryptoCurve has created an interoperable wallet on Wanchain—a blockchain that creates smart contracts which operate across public and private chains.

A Low Learning Curve for Crypto Wallets

In addition to providing privacy features, the cross-chain platform offers a number of currency management benefits. The aim of the wallet developers was to add more services such as trading while making digital wallets easier to use. Currently, multi-currency trading is complex. Finding partners in cross cryptocurrency trading can be difficult and may even require going to a more liquid exchange. Each exchange will require the trader to go through the KYC verification process.

CryptoCurve, on the other hand, swaps digital assets in real time. Converting among crypto and fiat assets is easily and quickly facilitated with the ‘Nuke’ feature, which allows wallet holders to liquidate all or a set percentage of a portfolio. Taking a snapshot of an account enables the wallet holder to revert back to the currency allocation before the nuke. The Nuke feature not only converts across BTC and ETH but also the increasingly popular stable coins. A fiat gateway allows fiat to be traded without trading it for BCT or ETH.

ICOs & Pooling

When a sufficient amount of CURV tokens are acquired, the investor may run their own pooling of smart contracts. Custom pooling can be used to raise funds for initial coin offerings or digital asset issuance.
The system can set hard caps and help ensure funding targets are met. Cryptocurrency can be purchased directly from the wallet with a bank account or credit card.

Wanchain connects digital assets across chains. This connectivity allows transactions, credit risk and other trade flows to function decentrally, removing centralized counterparty risk.

At the same time, the digital ledger delivers conventional blockchain benefits such as audibility and trackability while provisingprivacy protection remain

ICOs

Like trading, investing in ICOs is simplified. Only one KYC verification is required versus having to be vetted by each ICO issuer. By investing in CURV, through the smart contract, the investor is invested in all ICOs hosted by Curve. The more CURVE tokens staked, the more free airdrop tokens received from ICOs. The wallet is well prepared for an increased in crypto trading regulation; Curve ICOs are securities-compliant. To preserve the value of Curve tokens, CryptoCurve buys up and burns tokens each quarter.

Wanchain

Wanchain is offering technical, marketing and other support to projects that launch on its blockchain alternative. The chain has switched from the ERC-20 token standard to its own Wanchain protocol.

Wanchain president Dustin Byington is a CryptoCurve advisor. The former Goldman Sachs analyst has three other blockchain businesses behind him, Satoshi Talent, Tendermint, and Stokens Venture Capital.

Token Utility

CryptoCurve has replaced the Ethereum compliant token (ERC-20) with its own Wanchain protocol (WRC-20). Discounts are available when trading in crypto and fiat currencies, and investing in ICOs using the CURV token. When enough CURV tokens are accumulated, investors can create and run pooling smart contracts.

Token Sale

Sign up for the pre-sale on the CryptoCurve website.

Symbol: CURV (WRC-20)
Presale: May 22, 2018 – June 6, 2018
Token Sale: July –September
Hardcap: $32,000,000
Price: 1 CURV = $0.20
Available Tokens for Sale: 50%
Token Supply: 415,000,000

Roadmap

Full cross-chain functionality and portfolio tracking will be offered at the end of 2018. Meanwhile, basic CryptoCurve wallet functionality will be available by mid-year 2018. ICO investing, and Wanchain and Ethereum ICO pooling will follow. True multi-currency trading, llllll-chain trading will be available in 2019.

TEAM

Joshua Halferty, CEO
Xander Yi, CFO
Andrew Kerrison, Architecture
Alex Lenart, Creator of Experience
Andre Cronje, Blockchain Infrastructure Engineer
Anton Nell, Web/Mobile Engineer

ADVISORS

Dustin Byington – President, Wanchain Foundation Limited
Mark Ashelford – Russells Solicitors
Rajesh Gopi – Head, Products & Business Development, Wanchain Foundation Limited
Addison Huegel – Managing Partner, Elevator Communications
Tim Bukher – Partner, Thompson Bukher
Dr. Moe Levin – World Blockchain Forum

COMMUNITY/INFO

Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / Reddit / Github / Twitter / Telegram / Telegram (Announcements) / LinkedIn / Medium (Blog)Youtube