Hashgard Logo

Hashgard [Profile] – Token Information

What is Hashgard

Hashgard is a complete digital asset management solution which leverages blockchain technology and builds upon concepts such as ‘decentralized asset autonomy’ from the DAO model.

The project seeks to create a comprehensive ecosystem, with the ultimate goal of achieving distributed inclusive finance – allowing global investors to take advantage of the new economy ushered in by the rise of digital assets.

This is made possible via a multi-layered infrastructure, relying upon various modules, including a smart contracts system which can autonomously manage asset issuance, trusteeship, settlement, audit and more.

Hashgard Architecture


Token Sale:  Hashgard has stated there will be no public sale. From the company’s F.A.Q.:

Our private sale, which was open only to institutions, has already closed and been fulfilled. There will not be public sale nor ICO.

We will be hosting online and offline activities as well as airdrops. Providing feedback during our Alpha and Beta testing will also entitle you to various amounts of airdrop.

Token Supply: TBA


Why Hashgard

While digital assets have brought unparalleled convenience and accessibility, traditional asset management systems and their structures continue to be hurdles towards transparency and effectiveness.

The lack of regulations, use of outdated tools and the ease with which digital asset management funds can be set up now, are all causes for concern. The only way forward towards truly taking advantage of digital assets is matching them with cutting-edge technological solutions which complement their strengths – decentralization, trustlessness and immutability.

Hashgard aims to be that solution.


How Hashgard works

Hashgard borrows the asset autonomy model from the DAO, and improves upon it to securely utilize blockchain technology’s self-governance qualities and remove the need for middlemen and human asset managers. Not only is this cost-effective, it is also much less error-prone and provides higher security to investors’ interests.

The use of blockchain technology also allows for verifiable operational data to be available on request, but it is kept secure at the same time via cryptography. Due to this, stakeholders and investors can get access to private data if and when needed, to ascertain performance credibility.

All of this is made possible via ‘code’ or smart contracts, which are specifically designed for asset management functions, and also allow integration with other systems for purposes such as identity authentication, asset lending, data validation and distribution of content.



Hasgard’s team comprises members from the China-based Fenbushi Capital, where Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin was a General Partner, before taking on a more flexible, advisory position. Hashgard’s list of advisors also includes Fenbushi Capital’s founding partner, Bo Shen.



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Bezant Logo

Bezant (BZN) [In-Depth Project Description | Profile]

What is Bezant?

Bezant is a multi-layered, decentralized digital content distribution and payment platform designed to serve multiple niches including e-commerce and app stores, with the specific aim of supporting the participation of a global audience including those currently limited by their developing economies.

It aims to eradicate the inherent problems faced by both buyers and sellers in incumbent centralized distribution channels such as large e-commerce and app stores, including but not limited to payment method limitations, prohibitive set-up costs, high fees, and cumbersome payments processing. BZNT is the native token of the Bezant blockchain.


Symbol: BZNT (ERC-20)
Token Sale: May 3 – 11
ICO Token Price: 1 BZNT = 0.1000 USD
Minimum Financing:  TBA
Token Supply:  1,000,000,000
Available Tokens for Sale:  50%
Whitelist:  April 23 – May 31

Why is Bezant Relevant

With the proliferation of the internet and decentralized technologies taking over, online commerce and digital content consumption is expected to increase exponentially, year after year. However, within the current centralized setup, a few big names are at the top, and they dictate the rules, which often end up alienating the fastest growing market segments – emerging economies.

Not only are consumers in these markets affected by lack of supported payment methods, small sellers are also unable to set up shop due to centralized policies, high fees, hidden charges and unfair, delayed payment schedules.

A solution to all these issues would be a highly accessible, efficient and scalable platform – and that’s exactly what Jehmi is trying to do with the underlying Bezant Blockchain infrastructure. As compared to existing payment methods, Bezant is:

Instantaneous – Payments made using BZNT will be instant, with no transfer fees involved.

Exchangeable – BZNT can be exchanged for other cryptocurrencies.

Global – BZNT is borderless, which means anyone can make and receive instant payments from anywhere.

Convenient – Users can top up their Jehmi wallets on any device, using their preferred method of payment.

How Does Bezant Work

Bezant has adopted a two-tiered approach to solving these problems, by using an underlying blockchain, and a service platform powered by the former. The team is developing a permissioned blockchain, unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum and most other cryptocurrencies, and is focused mostly on enterprise usage.

The Bezant blockchain, based on the Hyperledger framework, will serve as a secure, scalable and fast architecture to accommodate high volumes of transactions. Since it will be a closed network, participants will be required to register via an Identity Authentication Service (IAS), allowing enterprise users to efficiently serve users across multiple channels.

Users will download a client application and will connect to peer nodes in order to interact with the blockchain, while ‘orderers’ will be validating all transmitted transactions and creating blocks in the chain. The Bezant blockchain will not require ‘mining’ as is the case with traditional, open blockchain systems, and instead, will rely on trusted users (due to the IAS) to process real-time transactions.

The Bezant service platform is built on top of the Bezant blockchain, and is a Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) offering, which can be tailored to fit different industries and niches, including e-commerce, online gaming, financial services, education, entertainment and utilities. It will offer various services, including a content platform, and a wallet service.

The Jehmi Content Platform will serve as a distribution network, connecting content creators, distributors and end users without reliance on existing, centralized app stores and digital content marketplaces. Since the platform will be running on top of the Bezant blockchain, it will benefit from increased security, transparency (the records will be auditable), privacy, fast processing and very low fees.

The Jehmi wallet module will allow users to manage payments within the system, and will also serve as a gateway between the Bezant-powered platforms and various payment channels including bank transfers, debit/credit cards, cash and cryptocurrencies. Once the wallet is ‘topped-up’, it can be used to purchase goods and services across all service partner portals – users can also convert their balance to BZT tokens, which will have no transfer fees and will allow for fast, instantaneous payments across the entire network.

The wallet will also support transfers between users (without fees), in addition to providing access to external crypto exchanges, allowing users to convert their Bezant tokens for other cryptocurrencies seamlessly.

The entire Jehmi wallet system is going to be powered by the Jehmi Payment Platform, which will solve the payment issues and limitations currently faced by users and content creators in developing economies.

Token Utility

BZNT is an in-network utility token, which can be used within the Bezant blockchain service platform (including the Jehmi Pay, Wallet, and Content Distribution platform). Users can use BZNT via the Jehmi wallet which will allow them to top up BZNT, make payments and purchases with BZNT, transfer BZNT, and exchange BZNT for other cryptocurrencies.


Bezant lists 23 people under its team on their home page.

Steve Tay – Foundation Representative Director (LinkedIn)

Daesik Kim – Chief Cryptocurrency Officer (LinkedIn)

Mark Yu – Chief Product Officer (LinkedIn)

Chan Joon Kim – CEO of Jehmi (LinkedIn)

Julian Migura – Chief Business Officer (LinkedIn)

Ray Cho – Chief Financial Officer (LinkedIn)

Ji Kim – VP, Corporate Operations (LinkedIn)

Keunil Wang – Chief Service Officer (LinkedIn)


Tyler Kim – VP of Global Partnerships (LinkedIn)

Luke Shim – Head of Financing (LinkedIn)

SangYoung Park – Founder of Dayli Financial Group

Shizuya Nakamoto– Director, Market Operations Asia Activision (LinkedIn)

James Hursthouse – Advisor (LinkedIn)

Jae-min Byun – CFA, CPA Advisor (LinkedIn)

Chris Suh – Advisor (LinkedIn)



Website / Whitepaper / Facebook / LinkedIn / Twitter/ Reddit / Youtube / Medium  / Telegram

Certik Logo

CertiK (CTK) [ICO Profile] – Token Information

What is Certik

CertiK is a formal verification network designed to build fully trustworthy smart contracts and blockchain ecosystems, which are mathematically proven to be error-free and hacker-resistant.


Symbol: CTK (ERC-20)
Token Sale: TBA
Hardcap: TBA
Available Tokens for Sale:  TBA
Token Supply:  1,000,000,000
Whitelist: TBA

Why is Certik needed?

The problem that CertiK aims to solve relates to the vulnerabilities of blockchains and distributed ledgers – these are prone to their own sets of bugs and security issues, which are further compounded by their immutable and decentralized natures.

For instance, in January this year, there were 703 open issues (in addition to 2,186 closed issues) for the Ethereum Virtual Machine Implementation – any one of those open issues may expose the blockchain to attackers. Similarly, the implementation of cryptographic software libraries in blockchain systems may, due to errors, allow them to be compromised. Finally, since public blockchains, DApps and smart contracts are open-source, attackers are able to continuously study their protocols, with the intent to compromise them; e.g. the DAO hack in 2016, resulting in the loss of nearly $50 million in ETH, which had to be recovered via a hard fork.

Even when such bugs are identified and rectified, pushing out updates does not solve them instantly, since each new piece of code takes time to propagate throughout the network, due to the fact that it is distributed and decentralized.

All this points towards the need for error-free and hacker-resistant blockchain protocols for smart contracts and DApps – an issue which CertiK aims to solve via their formal verification platform.


What Does Certik Do?

CertiK employs a mix of automation and human review in its revolutionary modular/layer-based approach – Layered Deep Specifications – which uses a decomposition technology to scale the verification process by breaking the proof task into smaller proof obligations.

This is achieved by utilizing different components to perform the proofing tasks:

  • Smart labeling is used to identify the structure of any system after which layer-based decomposition kicks in.
  • Code which can be verified automatically, via algorithms, goes through proof engines and mechanized proof objects, yielding verification certificates which can be broadcasted on the decentralized network as transactions.
  • The Certified DApp libraries facilitate the development of secure DApps by providing verified libraries and plugins which cost CTK tokens (the CertiK Network’s native token).
  • Finally, for systems which require high levels of verification, the human element is introduced via the customized certification services component, where experts review the code and deliver comprehensive reports.

The CTK ecosystem, as a whole, utilizes what the team calls the Proof-of-Proof (PoP) mining scheme to incentivize the community, by rewarding them on the basis of five roles within the network:

  1. Customers: Submit proof requests, associated with any program, system, or code, which require verification along with the offer of CTK incentives.
  2. Bounty hunters: Provide the computational power for the decomposition process, after which they construct and broadcast proof objects.
  3. Checkers: Verify submitted proof objects and record transactions for CTK incentives, which they split with the bounty hunters who constructed the proof objects.
  4. Sages: Create proof engines (algorithms), which can be used by bounty hunters.
  5. Users: Can benefit from certified libraries and plug-ins (which cost CTK), to create their own secure DApps and systems

Token Utility

A unit of exchange on the CertiK platform, CTK is a utility token which incentivizes participants to contribute to the ecosystem and earn rewards.


Quantstamp, Zeppelin, Runtime Verification


CertiK boasts a team of formal verification experts – founder Prof. Ronghui Gu (Assistant Professor, Columbia University) and co-founder Prof. Zhong Shao (Chair of CS Department, Yale University) – along with Research Specialist Dr. Vilhelm Sjöberg (Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania).


Website / Github / Whitepaper / Medium  / Telegram / Keynote / Youtube